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Glossary
 
Print Glossary
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Saddle Stitch

The binding of booklets or other printed materials by stapling the pages on the folded spine.

Safety Paper

A paper that shows sign of erasure so that it cannot be altered or tampered with easily.

Scoring

To crease paper with a metal rule for the purpose of making folding easier.

Screen Angles

The placement of halftone screens to avoid unwanted moiré patterns. Frequently used angles are black 45º, magenta 75º, yellow 90º, and cyan 105º.

Screen Ruling

A measurement equaling the number of lines or dots per inch on a halftone screen.

Scum

Unwanted deposits of ink in the non-image area of a printed piece.

Self Cover

A cover that is the same paper stock as the internal sheets.

Sharpen

To decrease the dot size of a halftone, which in turn decreases the color strength.

Sheetwise

The printing of two different images on two different sides of a sheet of paper by turning the sheet over after the first side is printed and using the same gripper and side guides.

Show Through

When the printing on one side of a sheet is seen from the other side, a frequent problem with thin papers.

Side Guide

The guides on the sides of a printing press that consistently positions the sheet sideways as it is fed through the press.

Side Stitch

The stapling of sheets or signatures on the side closest to the spine.

Signature

A printed sheet with multiple pages on it that is folded so that the pages are in their proper numbered sequence, as in a book.

Smoothness

That quality of paper defined by its levelness that allows for pressure consistency in printing, assuring uniformity of print.

Spiral bind

A type of binding where a metal or plastic wire is spiraled through holes drilled along the binding side of a document.

Spot Color

Refers to a method of specifying and printing colors in which each color is printed with its own ink. In contrast, process color printing uses four inks(cyan, magenta, yellow, and black) to produce all other colors. Spot color printing is effective when the printed matter contains only one to three different colors, but it becomes prohibitively expensive for more colors.

Stock

A term for unprinted paper.

Super Calendaring

A machine procedure that produces a very smooth paper surface that is exceptional for printing.

Synthetic Papers

Any non-wood or cloth paper, usually petroleum (plastic) based.