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Glossary
 
Print Glossary
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C1S and C2S

Acronyms for Coated One Side and Coated Two Sides paper stock. A cover stock with a glossy finish on one side and uncoated on the other, usually between 8pt (.008") and 18pt (.018") in thickness.

Caliper

The measurement of the thickness of paper measured in thousandths of an inch or mils.

Case binding

Books bound using hard board (case) covers.

Carbonless Paper

Paper that is chemically treated to transfer the impression from the first page to the subsequent pages. See Carbonless NCR Form Printing for more detailed info.

Cast coated

A paper that is coated and then pressure dried using a polished roller that imparts an enamel like hard gloss finish.

Center spread

The two pages that face each other in the center of a book or publication.

Chain lines

Lines that appear on laid paper as a result of the wires of the papermaking machine.

Clip art

Graphic images, designs, and artwork in digital form that can be used in a digital document.

Coarse screen

Halftone screens commonly used in newsprint; up to 85 lines per inch.

Coated stock

Any paper that has a mineral coating applied after the paper is made, giving the paper a smoother finish.

Cold color

Any color that is toward the blue side of the color spectrum.

Collate

To gather sheets or printed signatures together in their correct order.

Colophon

A printers' or publishers' identifying symbol or emblem.

Color balance

The relative amounts of process colors used to reproduce an image, either digitally or when printed on a press.

Color bars

A color test strip that is printed on the waste portion of a press sheet. It helps a press operator to monitor and control the quality of the printed material relative to ink density, registration and dot gain. It can also include a Star Target, which is designed to detect inking and press problems.

Color correction

Using a computer to adjust, change or manipulate a color image, such as retouching, adjusting color balance, color saturation, contrast, etc.

Color gamut

The entire range of hues possible to reproduce on a specific system, such as a computer screen, or four-color printing press.

Color separating

The processes of separating the primary color components (CMYK) for printing.

Color Sequence

The order in which process inks are printed on a printing press. Also called the color rotation or laydown sequence.

Color transparency

Transparent film containing a positive photographic color image.

Condensed type

A narrow, elongated typeface.

Contrast

The degree of tonal separation or gradation in the range from black to white.

Cover

A term describing a general type of paper used for the covers of books, pamphlets, etc., also used for business cards and postcards.

Coverage

The extent to which printing ink covers the surface of a printed sheet. Ink coverage is frequently expressed as light, medium or heavy.

Creep

Phenomenon of middle pages of a folded signature extending slightly beyond outside pages. Also called feathering, outpush, push out and thrust. See also Shingling.

Crop

To reduce the size of an image.

Crop marks

Small printed lines around the edges of a printed piece indicating where it is to be cut out of the sheet. Sometimes referred to as cut marks.

Crossover

An image, rule or line art on one printed page that carries over to an adjacent page of a bound or folded work.

Cure

To dry inks, varnishes or other coatings after printing to ensure good adhesion and prevent setoff.

Cyan

A shade of blue used in four-color process printing. The C in CMYK. Also referred to as process blue.